In Sweden there was the 1902 general strike.
By drawing on the basis of US experience, for instance) that the main driving-force behind the establishment and growth of employers' associations is related to market or' economic' factors, wider international evidence suggests that a more eclectic explanation is required. Jackson and Sisson have warned against ignoring' the processes which mediate the effects of economic forces upon actual behaviour. For one thing, employers' behaviour both in the USA and Sweden was profoundly influenced by what they perceived as the threat posed by unions to their ability to manage. Furthermore, the juxtaposition of particular historical, political events with economic forces often seems to have been decisive in stimulating defensive reactions by employers. In Sweden there was the 1902 general strike for manhood suffrage and in Germany, during a period of anarchist violence, the 1904 Crimmitschau strike had a critical influence on employers and accelerated the trend towards their organisation . Certainly, it was the effects of such rising social tensions and widespread industrial conflict which motivated the giant Siemens company in the